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In response to the Industry, Science and Economic Development Canada (ISED) consultation (comments due September 6, 2022), experts and Canadian citizens’ groups call for a moratorium on release of more 5G spectrum. Here are some top reasons why.
Reason #1: There has been no research on the long-term health effects of mmWaves.
There has been no research on the health effects of long-term exposure to ensure that mmWaves and the new 5G technologies are safe. To quote a U.S. Senator: “So there really is no research ongoing. We’re kind of flying blind here, as far as health and safety is concerned.”
Health Canada itself has admitted that it could not find any human studies that assessed potential health impacts (e.g., cancer, or effects on the eyes, child development, reproduction, cognition, the immune system) of exposure to RF-EMR in the 6–300 GHz frequency range that will be used for 5G technology, including the mmWave frequencies.
Reason #2: There is strong scientific evidence that radiation from current (pre-5G) wireless technologies causes serious adverse effects. (5G will worsen the existing problems.)
Some people experience more immediate, and sometimes debilitating, health effects: Electrohypersensitivity (EHS)
Wildlife, including birds and pollinators, and plants are also detrimentally affected.
Reason #3: Health Canada’s exposure guidelines (Safety Code 6) do not protect Canadians.
These guidelines are:
Reason #4: ISED is neither monitoring exposures nor enforcing industry compliance with emissions standards.
Reason #5: Introducing mmWave bands to facilitate the deployment of 5G wireless networks and technologies will also:
“Critically, virtually every sector of the Nation’s economy is weather-sensitive and any degradation of Earth observation data for scientific and operational uses can be expected to have significant negative financial and safety impacts.
“If forecasts of hurricanes, floods, and other natural disasters were degraded, lives and property would be at risk. The profitability of (…) industries, ranging from agriculture and energy to manufacturing and transportation, would also be adversely affected if forecasts become less accurate.”– W.P. Mahoney, Associate Director, National Center for Atmospheric Research
Reason #6: Releasing the mmWave spectrum and encouraging the deployment of 5G technologies contravenes principles of Canada’s Digital Charter.
The goal of Canada’s Digital Charter is to establish “a people-centred and inclusive digital economy built on trust.” ISED’s regulations prevent citizens from opposing a local cell tower on the basis of health or environmental concerns. Small cell antennas do not even require public notification; nor do low earth orbit satellites. It is not “people-centred and inclusive” nor does it “build trust” to install antennas close to homes and workplaces, without their knowledge or consent.
 Health Canada, Analysis of recommended localized human exposure limits for radiofrequency fields in the frequency range, 6 GHz to 300 GHz. p. 32. https://c4st.org/wp-content/uploads/docs/GovRelations/Fed/Health-Canada/Health_Canada_Analysis_of_Recommendations_above_6GHz.pdf
 Hundreds of recent scientific reports show harms from “wireless” radiofrequency radiation. https://preventcancernow.ca/hundreds-of-recent-scientific-reports-show-harms-from-radiofrequency-radiation/
 Clegg, F. M., Sears, M., Friesen, M., Scarato, T., Metzinger, R., Russell, C., Stadtner, A., & Miller, A. B. (June 2020). Building science and radiofrequency radiation: What makes smart and healthy buildings, Building and Environment, 176(106324), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2019.106324
 Manville, Albert. A Briefing Memorandum: What We Know, Can Infer, and Don’t Yet Know about Impacts from Thermal and Non-thermal Non-ionizing Radiation to Birds and Other Wildlife. Submitted to the FCC in 2016. (Albert M. Manville, II, Ph.D., C.W.B.; Principal, Wildlife and Habitat Conservation Solutions, LLC; Adjunct Professor, Johns Hopkins University’s Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, DC Campus; and former U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service agency lead on avian-structural impacts — including from radiation)
 Protect Birds, Bees and Trees: Include Anthropogenic Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Radiation in Canadian Environmental Protection Act Amendments. White Paper. (April 2022) by Prevent Cancer Now and Canadians for Safe Technology: https://preventcancernow.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/04/RF-EMRinCEPA-WhitePaper-inclAmendments-PCNC4ST-UPDATED2022April7.pdf
 Health Canada. Safety Code 6 – Limits of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Energy in the Frequency Range from 3 kHz to 300 GHz. https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/publications/health-risks-safety/limits-human-exposure-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-energy-range-3-300.html
 Health Canada. Analysis of recommended localized human exposure limits for radiofrequency fields in the frequency range, 6 GHz to 300 GHz. Received upon request from Health Canada, by C4ST and PCN. https://c4st.org/wp-content/uploads/docs/GovRelations/Fed/Health-Canada/Health_Canada_Analysis_of_Recommendations_above_6GHz.pdf
 The International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection: Conflicts of interest, corporate interests and the push for 5G. Report commissioned, coordinated and published by Members of the European Parliament – Michèle Rivasi (Europe Écologie) and Klaus Buchner (Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei), and financed by the Greens/EfA group in the European Parliament. Brussels, June 2020. https://www.michele-rivasi.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/ICNIRP-report-FINAL-JUNE-2020_EN.pdf
 Hardell, Lennart. “World Health Organization, radiofrequency radiation and health – a hard nut to crack (Review).” International Journal of Oncology, vol. 51, 2 (2017): 405-413. doi:10.3892/ijo.2017.4046 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5504984/
 Pascual, Gabriel Doménech. “Not Entirely Reliable: Private Scientific Organizations and Risk Regulation – The Case of Electromagnetic Fields.” European Journal of Risk Regulation (Cambridge University Press), Volume 4, Issue 1 (2013): 29-42. https://www.uv.es/gadopas/2013.Not.Entirely.Reliable.pdf
 “There is something utterly wrong with the ICNIRP membership”, Between a Rock and a Hard Place, Science Blog on Mobile Phone Radiation and Health by Dariusz Leszczynski. September 8, 2020. https://betweenrockandhardplace.wordpress.com/2020/09/08/leszczynski-there-is-something-utterly-wrong-with-the-icnirp-membership/
 “The Lies Must Stop: Disband ICNIRP — Facts Matter, Now More Than Ever”, Microwave News, April 9, 2020. https://microwavenews.com/news-center/time-clean-house
 January 2021. Notice: Localized human exposure limits for radiofrequency fields in the range of 6 GHz to 300 GHz https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/health-risks-safety/radiation/types-sources/radiofrequency-fields/notice-localized-human-exposure-limits-range-6-ghz-300-ghz.html
 Health Canada. Analysis of recommended localized human exposure limits for radiofrequency fields in the frequency range, 6 GHz to 300 GHz. Provided upon request by C4ST and PCN. https://c4st.org/wp-content/uploads/docs/GovRelations/Fed/Health-Canada/Health_Canada_Analysis_of_Recommendations_above_6GHz.pdf
 ISED. Spectrum Management System Data. http://sms-sgs.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/sms-sgs-prod.nsf/eng/h_00010.html
 A C4ST volunteer, tracking the data since 2016, has discovered hundreds of thousands of duplicate records and other anomalies. When errors are pointed out, they are eventually corrected. However, the Spectrum Management Operations Branch Officer explained in an email that: “The Spectrum Licences Site Data is built upon the data that spectrum licensees upload. ISED regulates them, but the companies are responsible for updating the data.”
 Radiation Emitting Devices Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. R-1): https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/R-1/ ; Radiation Emitting Devices Regulations: https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._1370/index.html
 Schneier, B. (2019, September 25). Essays: Every Part of the Supply Chain Can Be Attacked – Schneier on Security. The New York Times, Sept 25, 2019 https://www.schneier.com/essays/archives/2019/09/every_part_of_the_su.html
 The Electronic Frontier Foundation (https://www.eff.org/) offers some in-depth analysis of privacy and security issues. EFF is an independent non-profit that has been working to protect online privacy for nearly thirty years
 Spectrum Needs for Observations in Earth and Space Sciences. US House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, & Technology, Hearing, July 20, 2021. https://science.house.gov/hearings/spectrum-needs-for-observations-in-earth-and-space-sciences
 Radio Frequency Interference: an NWP perspective on the RFI 2022 workshop. March 14, 2022. https://www.ecmwf.int/en/about/media-centre/science-blog/2022/radio-frequency-interference-nwp-perspective-rfi-2022
 Congressional testimony of William Paul Mahoney III, Associate Director, National Center for Atmospheric Research. 2021. https://science.house.gov/imo/media/doc/Mahoney%20Testimony.pdf
 Baliga, J., Ayre, R., Hinton. K., & Tucker, R. (2011). Energy Consumption in Wired and Wireless Access Networks.IEEE Communications Magazine, June 2011, p. 76 https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/5783987 https://people.eng.unimelb.edu.au/rtucker/publications/files/energy-wired-wireless.pdf
 Koziol, Michael. (2019). 5G’s Waveform Is a Battery Vampire. IEEE Spectrum, July 24, 2019. https://spectrum.ieee.org/5gs-waveform-is-a-battery-vampire
 International Telecommunication Union (2020). Creating a circular economy for ICT equipment. https://www.itu.int/en/mediacentre/backgrounders/Pages/e-waste.aspx
 Belkhir, L. & Elmeligi, A. (2018). Assessing ICT global emissions footprint: Trends to 2040 & Recommendations. Elsevier, Journal of Cleaner Production, 177, 448-463. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S095965261733233X
 Press Conference – Ontario Doctors Warn of Rising Health Care Costs after 5G Roll Out https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=4&v=S16QI6-w9I8
 Schneier, B. (2019, September 25). Essays: Every Part of the Supply Chain Can Be Attacked – Schneier on Security. https://www.schneier.com/essays/archives/2019/09/every_part_of_the_su.html
 The Threat Lab. (2019, June 26). The History of Cellular Network Security Doesn’t Bode Well for 5G. https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/06/history-cellular-network-security-doesnt-bode-well-5g
 The Minister of Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), in his response to an Environmental Petition to the Auditor General (October 2021), confirmed that: ECCC “is not examining energy and resources implications to sustainability and climate change from the use of various alternative technologies for telecommunications.” Petition 456. (2021). The Government of Canada’s rigour and transparency in evaluating the science regarding localized exposures to 5G technologies in its update of Safety Code 6. https://www.oag-bvg.gc.ca/internet/English/pet_456_e_43873.html; Petition and government responses available at: https://preventcancernow.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/5G-Petition-and-Government-Response.pdf
 Patel, N. (2019, May 23). Wait, why the hell is the ‘race to 5G’ even a race? https://www.theverge.com/2019/5/23/18637213/5g-race-us-leadership-china-fcc-lte
 Canada’s Digital Charter: Trust in a digital world. https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/062.nsf/eng/h_00108.html